The searches are an important part of the conveyancing process and they are used to find out information that might affect the sale of the property.
They check with HM Land Registry and various other authorities, often including the local authority to determine a variety of different aspects about a property and the land on which it is based.
The land registry will be able to inform if the land is properly registered and check the legal ownership of the property.
Water and drainage searches will provide information on public sewers and mains water connection which may affect future building work or investment.
Another commonly used search is an Environmental search. This looks for environmental risks in the immediate local area of the property. For instance risk of flooding and subsidence.